Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Arrangement in Black: Portrait of Señor Pablo de Sarasate

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 315), plate 201, as 'Arrangement in Black: Portrait of Señor Pablo de Sarasate'.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., James McNeill Whistler. Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours. A Catalogue Raisonné, New Haven and London, 1995 (cat. nos. 998-1000).

Authored by Whistler

  • None.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • The sixty-second Annual Exhibition, Society of British Artists, London, 1885 (cat. no. 350) as 'Arrangement in Black: Portrait of Senor Pablo De Sarasate'.
  • Les XX, la troisieme exposition annuelle, Société des XX, Brussels, 1886 (no catalogue number) as 'Pablo de Sarasate'.
  • Ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, architecture, gravure et lithographie des artistes vivants, 104th exhibition, Salon de la Société des artistes français, Palais des Champs Elysées, Paris, 1886 (cat. no. 2450) as 'Portrait'.
  • 3rd exhibition, Society of Portrait Painters, London, 1893 (cat. no. 52) as 'Sarasate'.
  • Große Kunst-Ausstellung des Kunst-Vereins in der Kunsthalle Hamburg, Hamburg, 1894 (cat. no. 646) as 'Bildniss des Künstlers Pablo Sarasate'.
  • Société royale d'encouragement des beaux-arts (ed.), Exposition Universelle des Beaux-Arts, 1894: Catalogue Général Illustré, Antwerp, 1894 (cat. no. 2367) as 'Arrangement en noir; portrait de Paulo de Sarazate'.
  • 1st Annual Exhibition, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 1896 (cat. no. 303) as 'Sarasate'.
  • Second Annual Exhibition, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 1897 (cat. no. 239) as 'Sarasate'.
  • Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1897.
  • Loan Exhibition of Selected Works of Old and Modern Masters being the Annual Exhibition of the Antiquarians of the Art Institute, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 1898 (cat. no. 60) as 'Portrait of Pablo Sarasate'.
  • Copley Society (ed.), Oil Paintings, Water Colors, Pastels & Drawings: Memorial Exhibition of the Works of Mr. J. McNeill Whistler, Boston, 1904 (cat. no. 53) as 'Portrait of Pablo Sarasate / Arrangement in Black'.
  • The International Society of Sculptors, Painters, and Gravers (ed.), Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the Late J. McNeill Whistler, London, 1905 (cat. no. 19) as 'Portrait of Pablo Sarasate' and 'Arrangement in Black, Portrait of Señor Pablo de Sarasate' in ordinary and deluxe edition respectively.
  • Exposition des œuvres de James McNeill Whistler, Palais de l’École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1905 (cat. no. 20) as 'Arrangement en noir. Portrait de Pablo Sarasate. – (Arrangement in Black. Portrait of Pablo Sarasate.)'

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., St James's Gazette, London, 7 July 1884, pp. 13-14.
  • Anon., 'The "British Artists" ', St James's Gazette, London, 22 April 1885, pp. 6-7.
  • Anon., 'Fine Arts', Graphic, London, 25 April 1885, p. 13.
  • Anon., 'The Society of British Artists', Illustrated London News, London, 25 April 1885, p. 22.
  • Anon., 'Society of British Artists', The Era, London, 2 May 1885, p. 13.
  • Anon., 'The Society of British Artists', Glasgow Herald, Glasgow, 4 May 1885, p. 9.
  • Anon., 'Society of British Artists', Manchester Courier, Manchester, 6 May 1885, p. 8.
  • Anon., 'The Society of Portrait Painters', London Evening Standard, London, 12 May 1893, p. 6.
  • Anon., 'The Grafton Gallery', St James's Gazette, London, 16 May 1893, pp. 6-7.
  • Anon., 'The Society of Portrait Painters', The Graphic, London, 20 May 1893, p. 18.
  • Anon., 'Drama at the Grafton Gallery', The Era, London, 27 May 1893, p. 12.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'Current Art IV,' The Magazine of Art, vol. 8, 1885, pp. 464-70, engraving repr. at p. 469.
  • Phillips, Claude, ‘Expositions de la Royal Academy et la Grosvenor Gallery’, Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 32, July 1885, pp. 90-96, at p. 96.
  • Pennington, Harper, 'A Chat with Mr. Whistler in Chelsea', The Pall Mall Gazette, 'Extra', 4 May 1885, p. 76, drawing repr. p. 76.
  • Lostalot, Alfred de, 'Salon de 1886 (I)', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 33, June 1886, pp. 453-79, at p. 464.
  • Salaman, Malcolm C., 'Hail President Whistler', The Court and Society Review, 10 June 1886.
  • Salaman, Malcolm C., letter to Editor, The Court and Society Review, 23 June 1886.
  • Child, Theodore, 'American Artists at the Paris Exhibition', Harper's New Monthly Magazine, European edition, vol. 39, September 1889, pp. 788-801.
  • Bénédite, Léonce, 'Artistes Contemporains: Whistler', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 33, 1905, pp. 403-10, 496-511; vol. 34, 1905, pp. 142-58, 231-46, in vol. 34 at p. 244.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907 (cat. no. 53).
  • Duret, Théodore, Histoire de J. McN. Whistler et de son oeuvre, Paris, 1904, p. 113, repr. p. 95.
  • Keppel, Frederick, One Day with Whistler, New York, 1904, p. 8.
  • Laver, James, Whistler, 2nd edition, London, 1951, pp. 203, 235.
  • Menpes, Mortimer, Whistler as I Knew Him, London, 1904, p. 73.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, pp. 126, 178; vol. 2, pp. 2-4, 8-9, 56-57, 63, 298, drawing repr. f.p. 4.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Whistler Journal, Philadelphia, 1921, pp. 4-5.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 174-75, 443, 499, 534-35, 564, 684, 695, 706.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908, pp. 35-36 (cat. no. 84).
  • Sutherland, Daniel E., Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake, New Haven and London, 2014, p. 204.
  • Sutton, Denys, Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler, London, 1963, pp. 78, 102-03, pl. 43.
  • Sutton, Denys, James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels and Watercolours, London, 1966, p. 194, pl. 95.
  • Taylor, Hilary, James McNeill Whistler, London, 1978, p. 111.
  • Way, Thomas Robert, and G. R. Dennis, The Art of James McNeill Whistler: An Appreciation, 1st edition, London, 1903, pp. 48-49.
  • Way, Thomas Robert, Memories of James McNeill Whistler, the Artist, London and New York, 1912, pp. 80-81.

Books, General

  • Burns, Sarah, Inventing the Modern Artist, Art and Culture in Gilded Age America, New Haven, 1999, p. 155.
  • Ludovici, Anthony, An Artist's Life in London and Paris 1870-1925, New York, 1926, p. 76.
  • Painter, George D. (ed.), Marcel Proust - Letters to his mother, London, 1956.
  • Pyne, Kathleen A., Art and the Higher Life: Painting and Evolutionary Thought in Late Nineteenth-Century America, Austin, TX, 2010, pp. 122, 130 n. 88.
  • Richardson, E. P., Painting in America: from 1502 to the Present, New York, 1965, p. 270.
  • Seidl, Anton, The Music of the Modern World: Illustrated in the Lives and Works of the Greatest Modern Musicians and in Reproductions of Famous Paintings, etc., New York, 1895, photogravure repr.
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner (ed.), Walter Sickert: the Complete Writings on Art, Oxford, 2000, p. 6 (7 May 1885).
  • Sutton, Denys, American Painting, London, 1948, p. 21, pl. 33.

Catalogues 1906-Present

  • Paintings in oil and pastel by James McNeill Whistler, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1910 (cat. no. 29).
  • American Pavilion, Esposizione Internazionale di Roma, Rome, 1911 (cat. no. 94) as 'Sarasate'.
  • Young, A. McLaren, James McNeill Whistler, Arts Council Gallery, London, and Knoedler Galleries, New York, 1960 (cat. no. 47).
  • Sweet, Frederick A., James McNeill Whistler, Art Institute of Chicago and Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, 1968, pp. 34, 81 (cat. no. 35).
  • Spencer, Robin, James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903), Nationalgalerie, Berlin, 1969 (cat. no. 37).
  • Merrill, Linda, 'Whistler in America', in: After Whistler: The Artists and His Influence on American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 2003, pp. 10-31, at pp. 25-26, 156, 180, repr. fig. 99 (not in exhibition); see also cat. no. 36, painting by T. Eakins.
  • Simpson, Marc, 'Whistler, Modernism, and the Creative Afflatus', in Simpson, Marc, Like Breath on Glass: Whistler, Inness, and the Art of Painting Softly, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA, 2008, pp. 24-51, at p. 42.
  • Stoner, Joyce Hill, 'Materials for Immateriality', in Simpson, Marc, Like Breath on Glass: Whistler, Inness, and the Art of Painting Softly, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA, 2008, pp. 91-109, at p. 105.

Journals 1906-Present

  • Brumbaugh, Thomas Brendle, 'A Whistler Footnote', The Art Journal, vol. 31, no. 3, Spring 1972, p. 261.
  • Krogh, Christian, 'Fritz Thaulow and Oscar Wilde at Dieppe', The New Age, 10 December 1908, p. 133.
  • Sickert, Walter R., ‘Where Paul and I differ’, Art News, No. 14, 10 February 1910, p. 113.
  • Starr, Sidney, 'Personal Recollections of Whistler', Atlantic Monthly, vol. 101, April 1908, pp. 528-37, at p. 534.


  • Carnegie Museum of Art website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 168).


  • Parkerson, Sarah Lawrence, Variations in Gold: The Stylistic Development of the Picture Frames used by James McNeill Whistlers, PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2007.

Last updated: 18th December 2020 by Margaret