Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Violet and Silver: A Deep Sea

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 411), plate 273, as 'Violet and Silver: A Deep Sea'.

Authored by Whistler

  • None.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • Fair Women, Grafton Galleries, London, 1894 (cat. no. 56) as 'Violet and Silver – A Deep Sea'.
  • Exposition Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Champ de Mars, Paris, 1894 (cat. no. 1181).
  • Oil Paintings, Water Colors, Pastels and Drawings: Memorial Exhibition of the Works of Mr. J. McNeill Whistler, Copley Society, Boston, 1904 (cat. no. 33) as 'Violet and Silver – "Deep Sea" '.
  • 100th Anniversary Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1905 (cat. no. 431) as 'Deep Sea'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., Daily Telegraph & Courier (London), 20 January 1894, p. 6.
  • Anon., 'The Grafton Gallery', Globe, London, 22 January 1894, p. 3.
  • Anon., 'The Grafton Gallery', Pall Mall Gazette, London, 23 January 1894, p. 3.
  • Anon., 'Art Notes', The Sketch, London, 7 February 1894, pp. 24-25.

Journals 1855-1905

  • 'The Grafton Gallery Collection', The Art Journal, March 1894, pp. 88-89, at p. 89.
  • Phillips, Claude, 'The Salons: Salon of the Champ de Mars’, Magazine of Art, vol. 17, 1894, pp. 379-84, at p. 381.
  • Geffroy, Gustave, 'Salon de 1894', Vie Artistique, vol. 4, 1895, pp. 140-44, at pp. 140-4l.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Eddy, Arthur Jerome, Recollections and Impressions of James A. McNeill Whistler, Philadelphia and London, 1903, pp. 274-75.
  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907, p. 160 (cat. no. 33).

Books, General

  • Barter, Judith A. et al, The Age of American Impressionism: Masterpieces from the Art Institute of Chicago, Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2011, no. 18.

Catalogues 1906-Present


  • Clarke, Jay, and Sarah Kelly Oehler (eds), Whistler Paintings and Drawings at the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 2020.


  • Sweet, Frederick A., James McNeill Whistler, Art Institute of Chicago and Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, 1968 (cat. no. 40).
  • Spink, Nesta, Whistler: The Later Years, University of Michigan Art Gallery, Ann Arbor, 1978 (cat. no. 41).
  • Dorment, Richard, and Margaret F. MacDonald, James McNeill Whistler, Tate Gallery, London, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, and National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1994-1995 (cat. no. 153).
  • Merrill, Linda, et al., After Whistler: The Artist and His Influence on American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 2003, p. 93 (not exhibited).

Journals 1906-Present

  • Myers, Kenneth John, 'Whistler the "Quintessencier: Violet and Blue: Among the Rollers" and the Importance of the Late Small Oils', Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts, Vol. 85, Nos 1-4, 2011, pp. 28-41, at p. 34. Online at


  • Art Institute of Chicago website at (acc. 2019).
  • Clarke, Jay A., and Sarah Kelly Oehler, eds., Whistler Paintings and Drawings at the Art Institute of Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, 2020, website.
  • Strother, Stephanie L., 'Cat. 34 Violet and Silver—The Deep Sea, 1893: Curatorial Entry,' in Whistler Paintings and Drawings at the Art Institute of Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, 2020, URL.
  • Muir, Kimberley, 'Cat. 34 Violet and Silver—The Deep Sea, 1893: Technical Summary,' in Whistler Paintings and Drawings at the Art Institute of Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, 2020, URL.


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 403).


  • Parkerson, Sarah Lawrence, Variations in Gold: The Stylistic Development of the Picture Frames used by James McNeill Whistlers, PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2007.

Last updated: 7th June 2021 by Margaret