Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Brown and Gold

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 440), plate 280, as 'Brown and Gold'.

Authored by Whistler

  • None.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • Official illustrated catalogue Fine Arts Exhibit, United States of America, Paris Exposition of 1900, Boston Noyes, ca 1900.
  • Exposition Universelle, Grand Palais, Paris, 1900 (cat. no. 108 in the American section) as 'Brown and Gold'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • de Fourcaud, M. L., 'Les Peintre Américains à l'Exposition', Le Gaulois Dimanche, Paris, 15-16 September 1900.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Geffroy, Gustave, 'Le Salon des Champs-Elysées', Revue d'Aujourd'hui, 1 May 1890, pp. 294-95.
  • 'T', 'The White Girl', The Art Journal, special number on the Paris Exhibition, Part 6, October 1900, p. 166 and frontispiece.
  • Geffroy, Gustave, ‘L’Exposition Décannale de la Peinture’, Vie Artistique, vol. 7, 1901, p. 129.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Anderson, Ronald, and Ann Koval, James McNeill Whistler: Beyond the Myth, London, 1994, pp. 389, 443.
  • Cabanne, Pierre, Whistler, Bergamo, 1985, pp. 83, 89.
  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907 (cat. no. 527).
  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler: Uneasy Pieces, New York, 2004, pp. 62-63, 392 note 9.
  • Denker, Eric, In Pursuit of the Butterfly, Seattle, 1995, p. 143.
  • Duret, Théodore, Histoire de J. McN. Whistler et de son oeuvre, Paris, 1904, pp. 23, 206.
  • Enaud-Lechien, Isabelle, 'Whistler et la France', Le musée miniature, Paris, 1995, pp. 56-57, repr.
  • Enaud-Lechien, Isabelle, James Whistler, le peintre et le polémiste (1834-1903), Courbevoie, 1995, pp. 20, 22.
  • Gallatin, Albert Eugene, The Portraits and Caricatures of James McNeill Whistler: An Iconography, London, New York and Toronto, 1913, pp. 6-8, 21 (cat. no. 8).
  • Gallatin, Albert Eugene, Notes on Some Rare Portraits of Whistler, New York and London, 1916, p. 5.
  • Gallatin, Albert Eugene, Portraits of Whistler: A Critical Study and an Iconography, New York and London, 1918 p. 28 (cat. no. 8).
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Susan Galassi, Aileen Ribeiro, and Patricia de Montfort, Whistler, Women and Fashion, New Haven and London, 2003, p. 13, repr. fig. 14.
  • McMullen, Roy, Victorian Outsider: a Biography of J. A. M. Whistler, London, 1974, p. 268.
  • Munhall, Edgar, Whistler and Montesquiou. The Butterfly and the Bat, New York, 1995, pp. 158, 161, 171, repr. fig. 126.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 2, pp. 204, 251.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Whistler Journal, Philadelphia, 1921, pp. 40, 199.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, with Joseph Pennell, The Art of Whistler, New York, 1928, pp. 109-10.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 507-08.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908 (cat. no. 121).
  • Spencer, Robin (ed.), Whistler: A Retrospective, New York, 1989, p. 335, repr. pl. 108.
  • Spencer, Robin, Whistler, New York, 1990, pp. 138-39.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E., Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake, New Haven and London, 2014, p. 318.
  • Sutton, Denys, Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler, London, 1963, pp. 15, 131, 134.
  • Sutton, Denys, James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels and Watercolours, London, 1966, p. 197, repr. pl. 124.
  • Taylor, Hilary, James McNeill Whistler, London, 1978, p. 155, repr. pl. 104.
  • Young, Andrew McLaren, James McNeill Whistler, New York, 1978, n.p.

Books, General

  • de Laperriere, Charles B., The Royal Scottish Academy Exhibitors 1826-1990, vol. 4, Calne, 1991, p. 415.
  • Farr, Dennis Larry Ashwell, English Art 1870-1940. The Oxford History of English Art, Oxford, 1978, p. 19, repr. pl. 4 B.
  • McConkey, Kenneth, Edwardian Portraits. Images of an Age of Opulence, Antique Collectors' Club Ltd, Woodbridge, 1987, pp. 144-46 (cat. no. 40).
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner (ed.), Walter Sickert: the Complete Writings on Art, Oxford, 2000, p. 195.

Catalogues 1906-Present


  • Hopkinson, Martin J., James McNeill Whistler at the Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, 1990, p. 10, repr.


  • Young, A. McLaren, James McNeill Whistler, Arts Council Gallery, London, and Knoedler Galleries, New York, 1960 (cat. nos. 72, 129), repr.
  • Sweet, Frederick A. (ed.), James McNeill Whistler, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, and Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, NY, 1968 (cat. no. 49).
  • Spencer, Robin, James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903), Nationalgalerie, Berlin, 1969 (cat. no. 57).
  • Pickvance, Ronald, James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903): An Exhibition of Works from the University of Glasgow Collection, Nottingham University Art Gallery, Nottingham, 1970 (cat. no. 15).
  • Young, A. McLaren, Glasgow University's Pictures, Colnaghi, London, 1973 (cat. no. 115).
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Sun Pictures and other historic photographs, Special Collections, Glasgow University Library, 1983, p. 2 (not exhibited).
  • Newton, Joy, 'Whistler's French Connections', Glasgow University Library, 1988, n.p. (cat. no. 7).
  • Sutton, Denys, and Martin Hopkinson, ホイスラー展. Whistler Exhibition in Japan, Tokyo, 1987 (cat. no. 30).
  • Hopkinson, Martin, Whistler in Europe, Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, 1990 (cat. no. 102).
  • Dorment, Richard, and Margaret F. MacDonald, James McNeill Whistler, Tate Gallery, London, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, and National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1994-1995, pp. 55, 285 (cat. no. 205).
  • Fischer, Diane Pietrucha and Linda Jones Docherty, Paris 1900: the "American school" at the Universal Exposition, Montclair Art Museum, 1999, p. 22.
  • Denker, Eric, In Pursuit of the Butterfly. Portraits of James McNeill Whistler, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC, 1995, p. 143 fig. 5:21 (not exhibited).
  • Les artistes américains à l'Exposition universelle, Carnavelet Museum, Paris, 2001.
  • Tinterow, Gary, and Geneviève Lacambre, Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting, New Haven and London, 2003, p. 270, fig. 10.12.
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner and Richard Thomson, Degas, Sickert, and Toulouse-Lautrec: London and Paris, 1870-1910, Tate, London, 2005, p. 227.
  • Bond, ‎Anthony, Joanna Woodall, ‎Timothy J. Clark, L. J. Jordanova, Joseph Leo Koerner, Self Portrait: Renaissance to Contemporary, National Portrait Gallery, London, 2005, p. 155 (cat. no. 35).
  • Andreeva, Galina, and Margaret F. MacDonald, Whistler and Russia, State Tretyakow Gallery, Moscow, 2006, pp. 56, 184 (cat. no. 22), repr. p. 56.

Journals 1906-Present

  • Bendiner, Kenneth, 'Whistler's "At the Piano" ', Apollo, vol. 128, December 1988, p. 400.
  • Farr, Dennis Larry Ashwell, 'James McNeill Whistler - His Links with Poetry, Music and Symbolism. The Fred Cook Memorial Lecture by Dennis Farr ... delivered ... at the Barber Institute of the Fine Arts, University of Birmingham ... 16th January 1974', Fred Cook Memorial Lecture, Birmingham, 1974, pp. 281-82.
  • Jones, Stephen, 'The Dandy as Social Revolutionary', The Victoria and Albert Museum Album, vol. 5, 1986, p. 378, fig. 7.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., 'James McNeill Whistler: An Artist on Artists', in: Visual Culture in Britain, vol. 16, Issue 2, 2015, pp. 200-22, Taylor and Francis Online, DOI: 10.1080/14714787.2015.1038437, at p. 17.
  • Sickert, Walter, 'Where Paul and I differ', Art News, No. 14, 10 February 1910, p. 113.
  • Spencer, Robin, 'Whistler, Manet, and the Tradition of the Avant-Garde', in: Ruth Fine (ed.), James McNeill Whistler: A Reexamination, Studies in the History of Art, vol. 19, Washington, DC, 1987, pp. 47-64, at p. 50.
  • Thorp, Nigel, 'Studies in Black and White: Whistler’s Photographs in Glasgow University Library', in: Ruth Fine (ed.), James McNeill Whistler: A Reexamination, Studies in the History of Art, vol. 19, Washington, DC, 1987, pp. 85-100, at p. 89.

Newspapers 1906-Present

  • Cork, Richard, 'Music of the twilight hour', The Times, London, 18 October 1994, p. 35.


  • The Hunterian website at
  • Art UK website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 8) 'Self portrait: gold and brown / Brown and gold'.


  • Denker, Eric, In Pursuit of the Butterfly: Portraits of James McNeill Whistler, Ph.D., University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1995, pp. 184-85.

Last updated: 22nd October 2020 by Margaret