Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow



This project surveys the work of James McNeill Whistler in oils and mixed media, and is augmented by a summary catalogue of his works in watercolour, pastel and drawing. Our wider aim is the online publication of Whistler's work and writings. This project builds on, and links to, the catalogue raisonné of Whistler's etchings and his correspondence.

Whistler in his studio, 1886/88

Photograph of Whistler in his studio, Fulham Road, 1886/88 (Glasgow University Library, Whistler PH1/120).

The Work of James McNeill Whistler (1834–1903)

The American born artist James McNeill Whistler was a major figure in 19th century art; his work, as painter, printer, and theorist, was widely influential to a younger generation of artists on several continents. He was an important contact between the art worlds of Europe and America.

His paintings show the influence of various movements including Realism, Impressionism and Symbolism, and artists such as Rembrandt, Velázquez, Ingres, Courbet and Manet. However, there are more surprising connections, for instance in the early copies done by Whistler in Paris, including Jules-Claude Ziegler's La Vision de St. Luc, now in The Hunterian).

His total output was considerable: over 550 paintings in oil and mixed media; 490 etchings and drypoints, 1800 works on paper – drawings, pastels and watercolours - and 179 lithographs, lithotints and mezzotints. Furthermore there are multiple impressions of the lithographs and etchings – as many as 10,000 impressions of the etchings are recorded, most printed by the artist.

We have included sketches and unfinished works as well as completed and much exhibited paintings such as the famous portrait of his mother: these reveal his technique and work processes. We also include work that is missing but was recorded in his lifetime, so that the full record of his output is represented.

His work was exhibited widely, particularly in Europe and America, and eagerly sought by art dealers and collectors. The study of collecting, from art dealer and exhibiting body to collectors and museums is exceptionally well documented in the case of Whistler; the history of his works bridges the art market on both sides of the Atlantic. He also published letters, pamphlets and books on art, and wrote thousands of letters to a wide range of correspondents. These document and illuminate the history of the creation and marketing of his work.


The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler: A Catalogue Raisonné

15th December 2020

‘The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler’ is now completed and published online, freely available to all.  More read more

New publications

18th November 2020

This is an exciting moment, as, despite problems caused by difficult months, we prepare for the publication of the catalogue.  More read more

Whistler Paintings Go Online.

31st July 2018

The Beta launch of The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler: A Catalogue Raisonné website is scheduled for 1 August 2018.  More read more

Robin Spencer

16th May 2017

With sadness we report the death of our colleague Robin Spencer yesterday.  More read more

Whistler butterfly signature