Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow




At some time, probably around October or November 1877, Whistler offered Chapman 'two Cremornes' for 80 gns. 1

On 2 November 1877 Whistler paid Charles Augustus Howell (1840?-1890) £9.1.0 as a commission on the sale or for the delivery of a painting called 'Cremorne' to the Liverpool collector, Alfred Chapman. 2

Several paintings owned by Chapman have not yet been identified. Since the early history of all Whistler's Nocturnes of Cremorne is elusive, Cremorne [YMSM 168] might have been any one of them.

They include Cremorne, No. 1 [YMSM 163], Cremorne Gardens, No. 2 [YMSM 164], Nocturne: Cremorne Gardens, No. 3 [YMSM 165], Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Gardens [YMSM 166], Nocturne in Black and Gold [YMSM 167], Cremorne [YMSM 168], Nocturne: Black and Gold - The Fire Wheel [YMSM 169], and, perhaps the most likely, Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket [YMSM 170]).


  • Unknown.


1: [November 1877], GUW #09037.

2: List, 17 November [1877], GUW #13565.

Last updated: 20th May 2021 by Margaret