Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Grenat et or: Le Petit Cardinal


One main title has been suggested, with minor changes:

  • 'Grenat et or: Le petit cardinal' (1899, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts). 1
  • ' "Grenat et or – Le Petit Cardinal" ' (1904, Copley Society, Boston). 2
  • 'Grenat et or: Le Petit Cardinal' (1980, YMSM). 3

'Grenat et or: Le Petit Cardinal' is the preferred title. The title of the 'Cardinal' presumably comes from her deep plum coloured cap, like that of a cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church.


                    Grenat et or: Le Petit Cardinal, The Hunterian
Grenat et or: Le Petit Cardinal, The Hunterian

A half-length portrait of a girl with shoulder-length brown hair, cut in a deep fringe, wearing a black dress and red cap, against a dark background.


Lilian ('Lily') Pamington (b. 1887/1888) .Whistler painted about ten portraits of Lillie Pamington includingBrown and Gold: Lillie 'In our Alley!' [YMSM 464], Lillie: An Oval [YMSM 465] and Girl in Black [YMSM 470].


1: Douzième Exposition, Ouvrages de Peintures, Sculpture, Dessin, Gravure, Architecture et Objets d'Art, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Grand Palais, Paris, 1902 (cat. no. 1195).

2: Oil Paintings, Water Colors, Pastels and Drawings: Memorial Exhibition of the Works of Mr. J. McNeill Whistler, Copley Society, Boston, 1904 (cat. no. 40).

3: YMSM 1980 [more] (cat. no. 469).

Last updated: 23rd November 2020 by Margaret