Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Red and brown - Hoxton


  • 1990: sold in February through Messrs Dowdeswell to a collector.
  • By 1898: acquired by Goupil, London dealers.
  • By 1901: bought from Alexander Reid (1854-1928), Glasgow dealer, by John James Cowan (1846-1936), Edinburgh;
  • 1904: bought on 13 June from Cowan through William Stephen Marchant (1868-1925), London dealer, by Charles Lang Freer (1856-1919) ;
  • 1919: bequeathed to the Freer Gallery of Art.

Kay described 'a lively little squib in red and brown, being a view in humdrum Hoxton … as airy and careless as the movements of a butterfly.' 1

Further details are given in MacDonald 1995 (cat. rais.) [more] (cat. no. 1004).


  • 1886: 'Notes' - 'Harmonies' - 'Nocturnes', Second Series, Messrs Dowdeswell, London, 1886 (cat. no. 60) as 'Red and Brown – Hoxton'.
  • 1898: Pictures, Drawings, Bronzes, Pottery, Antique Furniture, Decorative Metal Work, &c, Goupil Gallery, at Howard Gallery, Sheffield, 1898 (cat. no. 57) as 'Street Scene'.
  • 1896: Probably 19th Annual Exhibition, Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Watercolours, Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Glasgow, 1896 (cat. no. 355) as 'Houses in Chelsea'.
  • 1904: 78th Exhibition of the Royal Scottish Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, 1904 (cat. no. 81) as 'Onstead, Surrey' [sic].

Due to the terms of Freer's will, this cannot now be lent to another venue.


1: de Kay, Charles, 'Whistler. The head of the Impressionists', Art Review, vol. 1, no. 1, 1886, pp. 1-3, at p. 1.

Last updated: 20th February 2021 by Margaret