Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Caprice in Purple and Gold: The Golden Screen

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 60), plate 17, as 'Caprice in Purple and Gold: The Golden Screen'.

Authored by Whistler

  • [Whistler, James McNeill, and Goupil Gallery (eds)], Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces: Small Collection Kindly Lent by Their Owners, London, 1892 (cat. no. 14) as 'Caprice in Purple and Gold: The Golden Screen'.
  • Goupil Gallery and James McNeill Whistler, Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces [portfolio of photographs published after the Goupil Gallery Exhibition, March-April 1892], London, 1892, repr. pl. 13.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • The Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts. MDCCCLXV. The Ninety-Seventh, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1865 (cat. no. 90) as 'The golden screen'.
  • Sixth Exhibition of the Society of French Artists [Summer Exhibition], Deschamps Gallery, London, 1873 (cat. no. 109) as 'The Golden Screen – Harmony in purple and gold (No. 2)'.
  • London International Exhibition of 1873. Official catalogue, London, 1873 (cat. no. 109) as 'The Golden Screen – Harmony in purple and gold (No. 2)'.
  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 14) as 'Caprice in Purple and Gold: The Golden Screen'.
  • The Exhibition of the Royal Scottish Academy of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture, MCMIV. The Seventy-Eighth, Edinburgh, 1904 (cat. no. 256) as 'The Golden Screen'.
  • Exposition des œuvres de James McNeill Whistler, Palais de l’École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1905 (cat. no. 8) as 'Caprice en pourpre et or. – L'Ecran doré. – (Caprice in Purple and Gold. The Gold Screen)'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'Fine Arts. The Pictures of the Year.-I', The Examiner, London, 6 May 1865, p. 7.
  • Anon., 'Fine Arts', Illustrated Times, London, 6 May 1865, p. 10.
  • Anon., The Royal Academy Exhibition. (Second Notice)', Pall Mall Gazette, London, 6 May 1865, pp. 10-11.
  • Anon., 'Exhibition of the Royal Academy. Second Notice', The Times, London, 8 May 1865, p. 8.
  • Anon., 'Society of French Artists', London Evening Standard, London, 21 April 1873, p. 2.
  • Anon., ['W. W.'], 'Society of French Artists', The Examiner, London, 26 April 1873, pp. 15-16, at p. 16.
  • Anon., 'Fine Arts. Society of French Artists', Illustrated London News, London, 26 April 1873, p. 20.
  • Anon., 'Some Relics of Rossetti', Pall Mall Gazette, London, 16 January 1891, pp. 1-2.
  • Anon., 'Magazines and Reviews', Leeds Mercury, Leeds, 7 March 1893, p. 3.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Burty, Philippe, 'Exposition de la Royal Academy', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 18, June 1865, pp. 553-65, at p. 561.
  • Anon., [F. T. Palgrave], ‘The Royal Academy Exhibition (Third Notice)’, The Saturday Review, vol. 19, 3 June 1865, pp. 665-67.
  • Anon., 'A Vision of Closing Day at the Royal Academy', Fun, vol. 1 (N.S.), 5 August 1865, p. 118, cartoon repr.
  • Rossetti, William Michael, Fine Art, Chiefly Contemporary: Notices Reprinted, with Revisions, London and Cambridge, 1867, p. 276.
  • Sickert, Walter Richard, 'Whistler To-day', The Fortnightly Review, vol. 57, new series, vol. 51, April 1892, pp. 543-47, at p. 546.
  • MacColl, Dugald Sutherland, 'Mr Whistler’s Paintings in Oil', The Art Journal, 1893, pp. 88-93, repr. f.p. 88.
  • Anon., ‘Дж. УистлерЪ [Dzh. Uistler]’, Мир искусства [Mir Iskusstva, 'World of Art'], vol. 9, 1903, pp. 61-68, repr. p. 63.
  • Losee, William F., 'James McNeill Whistler, the Painter', Brush and Pencil, vol. 12, no. 5 (special Whistler number), August 1903, pp. 319-20, 323-31, 333, repr. p. 325.
  • Bénédite, Léonce, 'Artistes Contemporains: Whistler', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 33, 1905, pp. 403-10, 496-511; vol. 34, 1905, pp. 142-58, 231-46, in vol. 33, at pp. 146-48, repr. p. 147.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Anderson, Ronald, and Ann Koval, James McNeill Whistler: Beyond the Myth, London, 1994, pp. 149-50, 193, 350, 354.
  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907 (cat. no. 187).
  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler: Uneasy Pieces, New York, 2004, pp. 176-77.
  • Duret, Théodore, Histoire de J. McN. Whistler et de son oeuvre, Paris, 1904, p. 27.
  • Fleming, Gordon, The Young Whistler 1834-66, London, Boston, Sydney, 1978, p. [219].
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Susan Galassi, Aileen Ribeiro, and Patricia de Montfort, Whistler, Women and Fashion, New Haven and London, 2003, p. 61.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., 'Joanna Hiffernan and James Whistler: an Artistic Partnership' in Margaret F. MacDonald (ed.), The Woman in White: Joanna Hiffernan and James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and Washington, 2020, pp. 15-31.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Joanna Dunn, and Joyce H. Townsend, 'Painting Joanna Hiffernan', in Margaret F. MacDonald (ed.), The Woman in White: Joanna Hiffernan and James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and Washington, 2020, pp. 33-45.
  • Merrill, Linda, A Pot of Paint: Aesthetics on Trial in 'Whistler v. Ruskin', Washington and London, 1992, pp. 24, 25, 356 n.70.
  • Merrill, Linda, The Peacock Room. A Cultural Biography, New Haven and London, 1998, pp. 59, 67, 182, 370 repr. fig. 1.12.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, pp. 121-22, 129.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 70, 82-86, 90-91, 94-95, 133, 138, 619, 636.
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner, A Fragile Modernism. Whistler and his Impressionist Followers, London and New Haven, 2007, pp. 26-27, repr. fig. 19.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908, p. 16 (cat. no. 19).
  • Spencer, Robin, Whistler, New York, 1990, pp. 58-59.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E., Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake, New Haven and London, 2014, pp. 84-85, 92, 127.
  • Sutton, Denys, James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels and Watercolours, London, 1966, pl. 30.
  • Way, Thomas Robert, and G. R. Dennis, The Art of James McNeill Whistler: An Appreciation, 1st edition, London, 1903, repr. p. 32.

Books, General

  • Fried, Michael, Manet's Modernism, or, The Face of Painting in the 1860s, Chicago and London, 1996, pp. 227-29.
  • Lancaster, Clay, The Japanese Influence in America, New York, 1963, pp. 31, 37, repr. fig. 20, pl. 2.
  • Lawton, Thomas, Freer: a Legacy of Art, Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, 1993, p. 35, fig. 22.
  • Ono, Ayako, Japonisme in Britain: Whistler, Menpes, Henry, Hornel and nineteenth-century Japan, London, 2003, pp. 60-65.
  • Pyne, Kathleen A., Art and the Higher Life: Painting and Evolutionary Thought in Late Nineteenth-Century America, Austin, TX, 2010, p. 103.
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner (ed.), Walter Sickert: the Complete Writings on Art, Oxford, 2000, p. 93.
  • Watanabe, Toshio, High Victorian Japonisme, Berne and New York, 1991, pp. 238-39.
  • Spencer, Robin, in: Chisaburo, Yamada, (ed.), Japonisme in Art: an International Symposium, edited by the Society for the Study of Japonisme, Tokyo, 1980, p. 62.

Catalogues 1906-Present


  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art, New York and London, 1984, pp. 104, 291, pl. 4.
  • Stubbs, Burns A., Paintings, Pastels, Drawings, Prints and Copper Plates by and attributed to American and European Artists, together with a List of Original Whistleriana in the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1948, pp. 12, 15 (04.75, frame 05.329).


  • Paintings in Oil and Pastel by James A. McNeill Whistler, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1910, (cat. no. 5).
  • Sweet, Frederick A., James McNeill Whistler, Art Institute of Chicago and Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, 1968, p. 22 (not exhibited).
  • List of a selection of art objects owned by the National Gallery of Art (Freer collection) exhibited to members of the University of Michigan Club of Detroit, June 6th, 1914, Detroit, 1914 (cat. no. 10).
  • Levine, Gary (ed.), La Femme. The Influence of Whistler and Japanese masters on American Art 1880-1917, New York, 1983, p. 66 (not exhibited).
  • Komanecky, Michael, The Folding Image: Screens by Western Artists of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, New Haven, 1984, p. 58, fig. 53 (not exhibited).
  • Merrill, Linda, et al., After Whistler: The Artist and His Influence on American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 2003, pp. 102, 232, repr. fig. 60 (not in exhibition).
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., and Patricia de Montfort, An American in London: Whistler and the Thames, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, 2013, (cat. no. 31), pp. 88, 147.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., 'Whistler and the Thames', in: Margaret F. MacDonald and Patricia de Montfort, An American in London: Whistler and the Thames, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, 2013, pp. 13-29, pp. 22-23.

Journals 1906-Present

  • Curry, David Park, 'Charles Lang Freer and American Art', Apollo, vol. 118, no. 258, August 1983, new series, pp. 168-79, repr. p. 8.
  • Curry, David Park, 'Slouching Towards Abstraction', Smithsonian Studies in American Art, Washington, DC, vol. 3, no. 1, Winter, 1989, pp. 53-54, fig. 7.
  • Fell, Herbert Granville, 'Memories of Whistler, No. 1. - The Peacock Room', Connoisseur, vol. 95, January/February 1935, pp. 21-24.
  • Hayward, Mary E., 'The Influence of the Classical Oriental Tradition', Winterthur Portfolio, vol. 14, no. 2, Summer 1979, pp. 107-42.
  • Horowitz, Ira M., 'Whistler's Frames', The Art Journal, vol. 39, Winter 1979-80, pp. 124-31.
  • Johnson, Ron, 'Whistler's Musical Modes: Symbolist Symphonies', Arts, vol. 55, no. 8, April 1981, pp. 164-68, repr. fig. 4.
  • Mechlin, Leila, 'The Freer Collection of Art', Century Magazine, New York, vol. 73, January 1907, pp. 357-68, repr. p. 363.
  • Meech-Pekarik, Julia, 'Early Collectors of Japanese Prints and The Metropolitan Museum of Art', Metropolitan Museum Journal, vol 17, 1982, pp. 95-118, at pp. 93-95, repr.
  • Meier-Graefe, Julius, Modern Art, 2 vols., London and New York, 1908, vol. 2, repr. f.p. 207.
  • Pousette-Dart, Nathaniel, (ed.), James McNeill Whistler,(with introduction by Joseph & Elizabeth Robins Pennell), New York, 1924, pl. 15.


  • 'Whistler: Japanese Style', Freer Gallery of Art website at
  • 'Caprice in Purple and Gold: The Golden Screen', Freer Gallery of Art website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 36) 'Caprice in purple and gold, No.2: The golden screen. / The golden screen.'


  • Gorder, Judith Elaine, James McNeill Whistler: A Study in the oil Paintings 1855-1869, PhD dissertation, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 1973.
  • Parkerson, Sarah Lawrence, Variations in Gold: The Stylistic Development of the Picture Frames used by James McNeill Whistlers, PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2007.

Last updated: 11th October 2021 by Margaret