Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Symphony in White, No. 3

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 61), Plates 51, 374-75, 379-80, as 'Symphony in White, No. 3'.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., James McNeill Whistler. Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours. A Catalogue Raisonné, New Haven and London, 1995 (cat. nos. 290, 322-23, 326-27, 348, 910).

Authored by Whistler

  • Whistler, James McNeill, [Letter], The Art Journal, vol. 50, April 1887, p. 101.
  • Whistler, James McNeill, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, London, 1890, pp. 44-45.
  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 2).
  • Whistler, James McNeill, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, 2nd edition, London and New York, 1892, pp. 298-99.
  • Goupil Gallery and James McNeill Whistler, Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces [portfolio of photographs published after the Goupil Gallery Exhibition, March-April 1892], London, 1892, repr. pl. 3.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • 99th Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1867 (cat. no. 233) as 'Symphony in White, No. 3'.
  • Sixth Exhibition of the Society of French Artists [Summer Exhibition], Deschamps Gallery, London, 1873 (cat. no. 112) as 'Symphony in White'.
  • Exposition internationale de peinture et de sculpture, Société des XX, Brussels, 1884 (cat. no. 3).
  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 2) as 'Symphony in White, No. III'.
  • Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the late James McNeill Whistler, First President of The International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, New Gallery, Regent Street, London, 1905 (cat. no. 7) as 'Symphony in White, No. 3'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., [Royal Academy], Evening Star, London, 4 May 1867.
  • Anon., 'The Royal Academy Exhibition', Western Morning News, 9 May 1867, pp. 3-4.
  • Anon., 'Fine Arts', Illustrated Times, London, 11 May 1867, p. 11.
  • Anon., 'Town Talk, By the Saunterer in Society', Fun, London, 18 May 1867, p. 100.
  • Anon., 'Royal Academy', Bell's Weekly Messenger, London, 18 May 1867, p. 6.
  • Anon., [Royal Academy], Birmingham Chronicle, Birmingham, 18 May 1867, p. 10.
  • Anon., [Royal Academy], Portsmouth Times and Naval Gazette, Hampshire, 18 May 1867, p. 4.
  • Anon., 'The Royal Academy Exhibition. Second Notice', The Chronicle, London, 25 May 1867.
  • Anon., 'Exhibition of the Royal Academy', Illustrated London News, London, 25 May 1867, p. 10.
  • Anon., 'Arts and Popular Culture', London Daily News, London, 11 June 1867, p. 2.
  • Anon., 'Society of French Artists', London Evening Standard, London, 21 April 1873, p. 2.
  • Anon., ['W. W.'], 'Society of French Artists', The Examiner, London, 26 April 1873, pp. 15-16, at p. 16.
  • Anon., 'Fine Arts. Society of French Artists', Illustrated London News, London, 26 April 1873, p. 20.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Stephens, F. G., 'Fine Arts. Royal Academy', The Athenaeum, 18 May 1867.
  • [Hamerton, Philip Gilbert], 'Pictures of the Year', Saturday Review, vol. 23, 1 June 1867, pp. 690-91, at p. 691.
  • Brownell, William C., 'Whistler in Painting and Etching', Scribner's Monthly, vol. 18, no. 4, August 1879, pp. 481-95, wood-engraving by Davis repr. p. 493.
  • Dowdeswell, Walter, 'Whistler', The Art Journal, new series, vol. 50, no. 586, April 1887, pp. 97-103, at p. 101, repr. p. 98.
  • Sickert, Walter Richard, 'Whistler To-day', The Fortnightly Review, vol. 57, new series, vol. 51, April 1892, pp. 543-47, at p. 543.
  • Гюисман, И . [Huysmans, I.], 'Уистлер' [Uistler], Мир искусства [Mir Iskusstva, 'World of Art'], vol. 2, nos. 16-17, 1899, pp. 61-68, repr. p. 66.
  • Bénédite, Léonce, 'Artistes Contemporains: Whistler', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 33, 1905, pp. 403-10, 496-511; vol. 34, 1905, pp. 142-58, 231-46, in vol. 34, at pp. 154-55, 157-87, drawing repr. p. 158.
  • Crucy, François, 'J. M.-N. Whistler', L' Art et les Artistes, Paris, 1905, pp. 40-45, at p. 44.

Monographs

  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Anderson, Ronald, and Ann Koval, James McNeill Whistler: Beyond the Myth, London, 1994, pp. 3-6.
  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907 (cat. no. 371).
  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler: Uneasy Pieces, New York, 2004, pp. 68, 70, 114, 320.
  • Duret, Théodore, Histoire de J. McN. Whistler et de son oeuvre, Paris, 1904, pp. 31, 205.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Susan Galassi, Aileen Ribeiro, and Patricia de Montfort, Whistler, Women and Fashion, New Haven and London, 2003, pp. 79, 86, 90-91, 97, 220, repr. fig. 88.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., 'Joanna Hiffernan and James Whistler: an Artistic Partnership' in Margaret F. MacDonald (ed.), The Woman in White: Joanna Hiffernan and James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and Washington, 2020, pp. 15-31.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Joanna Dunn, and Joyce H. Townsend, 'Painting Joanna Hiffernan', in Margaret F. MacDonald (ed.), The Woman in White: Joanna Hiffernan and James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and Washington, 2020, pp. 33-45.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, pp. 143-47, 178, 184-85; vol. 2, p. 27.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 87, 128-29, 131-32, 163, 172, 214, 368, 636.
  • Petri, Grischka, 'The “Symphonies in White”: Display, Sale, and Reproduction', in Margaret F. MacDonald (ed.), The Woman in White: Joanna Hiffernan and James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and Washington, 2020, pp. 167-176.
  • Ribeiro, Aileen, 'Fashioning White in the Work of Whistler and his Contemporaries' in Margaret F. MacDonald (ed.), The Woman in White: Joanna Hiffernan and James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and Washington, 2020, pp. 157-166.
  • Spencer, Robin (ed.), Whistler: A Retrospective, New York, 1989, pp. 79-82, 93.
  • Spencer, Robin, Whistler, New York, 1990, pp. 68-70.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908 (cat. no. 28).
  • Sutherland, Daniel E., Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake, New Haven and London, 2014, pp. 92-93, 102, 108, 129.

Books, General

  • Asleson, Robyne, Albert Joseph Moore, London, 2000, p. 238.
  • Baldry, Alfred Lys, Albert Moore: His Life and Works, London, 1894, paintings by Moore repr. f.pp. 28, 36.
  • Cox, Kenyon, Old Masters and New Essays in Art Criticism, New York, 1905, p. 236.
  • Lewis, Cecil (ed.), Self Portrait taken from the Letters and Journals of Charles Ricketts, R.A., London, 1939, pp. 21, 248.
  • Ono, Ayako, Japonisme in Britain: Whistler, Menpes, Henry, Hornel and nineteenth-century Japan, London, 2003, p. 68.
  • Prettejohn, Elizabeth, Beauty and Art: 1750-2000, Oxford, 2005, p. 142.
  • Prettejohn, Elizabeth, Art for Art’s Sake: Aestheticism in Victorian Painting, New Haven and London, 2007, pp. 168-69.
  • Reff, Theodore, The Notebooks of Edgar Degas, 2 vols, Oxford, 1976, I, p. 1077, drawing by Degas repr.
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner (ed.), Walter Sickert: the Complete Writings on Art, Oxford, 2000, p. 185.
  • Rossetti, William Michael (ed.), Rossetti Papers, 1862-1870, London, 1903, p. 228.
  • Staley, Allen, The New Painting of the 1860s: Between the Pre-Raphaelites and the Aesthetic Movement, New Haven, 2011, p. 343.

Catalogues 1906-Present

COLLECTION:

  • Barber Institute of Fine Arts (ed.), Catalogue of the Paintings … in the Barber Institute of Fine Arts, University of Birmingham, Cambridge, 1952, p. 118.

EXHIBITION:

  • Young, A. McLaren, James McNeill Whistler, Arts Council Gallery, London, and Knoedler Galleries, New York, 1960 (cat. no. 17).
  • Reff, Theodore, and Allen Staley (eds), From Realism to Symbolism: Whistler and His World, Columbia University, New York, 1971 (cat. nos. 17, 18, 63, 108) drawing repr. p. 30.
  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art, New York and London, 1984, pp. 234, 301 (not exhibited).
  • Dorment, Richard, and Margaret F. MacDonald, James McNeill Whistler, Tate Gallery, London, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, and National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1994-1995 (cat. no. 16).
  • Calloway, Stephen, and Lynn Federle Orr (eds), The Cult of Beauty: The Aesthetic Movement 1860-1900, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2011, repr. pl. 47 (no catalogue number).
  • Ayako Ono, ホイッスラー展. James McNeill Whistler Retrospective, National Museum of Modern Art, Kyōto, 2014, and Yokohama Museum of Art, 2014–2015 (cat. no. 97).

Journals 1906-Present

  • Sickert, Walter Richard, 'The New Life of Whistler', The Fortnightly Review, vol. 84, December 1908.
  • Reff, Theodore, ‘New Light on Degas’s Copies’, The Burlington Magazine, vol. 106, June 1964, pp. 250-59; vol. 107, June 1965, pp. 320, 323, at pp. 250-59, drawing by Degas repr. p. 253.
  • Spencer, Robin, 'Whistler’s “The White Girl”: Painting, Poetry and Meaning', The Burlington Magazine, vol. 140, 1998, pp. 300-11 (on Symphony in White, No. 1: The White Girl [YMSM 038]).
  • Arscott, Caroline,'Whistler and Whiteness', in Charlotte Ribeyrol (ed.), The Colours of the Past in Victorian England, in J. B. Bullen (ed.), Cultural Interactions. Studies in the Relationship between the Arts, vol. 38, Oxford, 2019, pp. 47-69.

Websites

  • Barber Institute of Fine Arts website.

Unpublished

  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 33) 'Symphony in white No: 3 / The little white girls.'

Other

  • Parkerson, Sarah Lawrence, Variations in Gold: The Stylistic Development of the Picture Frames used by James McNeill Whistlers, PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2007.

Last updated: 9th June 2021 by Margaret