Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

Home  > Catalogue > Exhibitions > (related works) > Search Display

Crepuscule in Opal: Trouville

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 67), plate 55, as 'Crepuscule in Opal: Trouville'.

Authored by Whistler

  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 39).

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 39) as 'Crepuscule in Opal'.
  • Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the late James McNeill Whistler, First President of The International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, New Gallery, Regent Street, London, 1905 (cat. no. 140) as 'Crepuscule in Opal, Trouville'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'The Musical World', St James's Gazette, 21 March 1892, pp. 12-13.

Journals 1855-1905

  • None.


  • Godwin, Blake-More, 'A Whistler Nocturne,' The Toledo Museum of Art Museum News, no. 44, October 1923, pp. 7-8, repr. p. 7.

Books on Whistler

  • Cary, Elisabeth, The Works of James McNeill Whistler, A Study, New York, 1913, p. 226 (cat. no. 474).
  • Enaud-Lechien, Isabelle, Whistler et la France, Paris, 1994, p. 26, repr. 27.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., 'Joanna Hiffernan and James Whistler: an Artistic Partnership' in Margaret F. MacDonald (ed.), The Woman in White: Joanna Hiffernan and James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and Washington, 2020, pp. 15-31.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 116-17.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908, p. 165 (cat. no. 107).
  • Spalding, Frances, Whistler, London, 1994, p. 64, pl. 17.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E., Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake, New Haven and London, 2014, p. 94.
  • Sutton, D., Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler, Philadelphia and New York, 1964, pp. 51, 140.

Books, General

  • Graves, Algernon, A Century of Loan Exhibitions, London, 1914, vol. 4, p. 1660, no. 107.
  • Karpeles, Eric, Painting in Proust: A Visual Companion to 'In Search of Lost Time', London, 2008, p. 335 n. 121, repr. p. 121.
  • Novak, B., American Painting of the Nineteenth Century, New York, 1969, p. 251, figs. 14-17.
  • Strickler, Susan E., and William Hutton, The Toledo Museum of Art, American Paintings, Toledo, 1979, pp. 112-13, pl. 47.

Catalogues 1906-Present

  • Forty American Painters, Akron Art Institute, Akron, OH, 1945 (cat. no. 12).
  • Expatriates: Whistler, Cassatt, Sargent, Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute, Utica, NY, 1953 (cat. no. 12).
  • Master Painters, Montclair Art Museum, 1957 (cat. no. 48).
  • Young, A. McLaren, James McNeill Whistler, Arts Council Gallery, London, and Knoedler Galleries, New York, 1960 (cat. no. 14).
  • Spencer, Robin, James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903), Nationalgalerie, Berlin, 1969 (cat. no. 6).
  • Spink, Nesta, Whistler: The Later Years, University of Michigan Art Gallery, Ann Arbor, 1978 (cat. no. 40).
  • Faunce, Sarah and Linda Nochlin, Courbet Reconsidered, Brooklyn, 1988, p. 158.
  • Dorment, Richard, and Margaret F. MacDonald, James McNeill Whistler, Tate Gallery, London, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, and National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1994-1995 (cat. no. 40).
  • Weinberg, H. Barbara, Gabriel P. Weisberg, George Hardy, Americans in Paris, 1850-1910: the academy, the salon, the studio, and the artists' colony, ‎Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2003.
  • Dumas, Ann et al., Edgar Degas: The Last Landscapes, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, andColumbus Museum of Art, Columbus, 2006, pp. 15-16, fig. 9.
  • Cash, Sarah, (ed.), Sargent and the Sea, Yale University, New Haven, 2009, p. 54, fig. 60, p. 55 (not in exhibition).
  • Herding, Klaus and Max Hollein, eds., Courbet: a Dream of Modern Art, Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz, 2010, repr. p. 218 (not in exhibition).

Journals 1906-Present

  • Godwin, Blake-More, ‘A Whistler Nocturne’, Toledo Museum News, no. 44, October 1923, pp. 7-8.
  • 'Les écrivains au pays des impressionnistes,' Le nouvel Observateur, no. 3, July/August 2013, p. 100, repr. p. 101.
  • Siewert, John, 'Whistler's Landscape and the Challenge of the Open Air,' The Whistler Review, vol. 1, 1999, p. 16, pl. 1, f.p. 24.


  • Toledo Museum website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 393).


  • None.

Last updated: 1st December 2020 by Margaret