Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Symphony in Grey and Green: The Ocean

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 72), plates 44, 378.

Authored by Whistler

  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 15).
  • Goupil Gallery and James McNeill Whistler, Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces [portfolio of photographs published after the Goupil Gallery Exhibition, March-April 1892], London, 1892, repr. pl. 6.
  • Whistler, James McNeill, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, 2nd edition, London and New York, 1892, p. 307.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • 6th Winter Exhibition of Cabinet Pictures in Oil, Dudley Gallery, London, 1872 (cat. no. 37) as 'Symphony in grey and green – the Ocean'.
  • Retrospective Exhibition, College for Working Men and Women, London, 1889 (no catalogue).
  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 15) as 'Symphony in Grey and Green – The Ocean'.
  • Exposition Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Champ-de-Mars, Paris, 1892 1892 (cat. no. 1069) as 'Gris et Vert – l'Océan'.
  • Comparative exhibition of native and foreign art, Society of Art Collectors, New York, 1904 (cat. no. 183) as 'Symphony in Gray and Green – The Ocean'.
  • Oil Paintings, Water Colors, Pastels and Drawings: Memorial Exhibition of the Works of Mr. J. McNeill Whistler, Copley Society, Boston, 1904 (cat. no. 74) as 'Symphony in Gray and Green – "The Ocean" '.
  • Œuvres de James McNeill Whistler, Palais de l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1905 (cat. no. 62) as 'Symphonie en gris et vert. – L'Océan. (Symphony in Grey and Green. The Ocean.)'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'The Dudley Gallery', Globe, London, 25 October 1872, p. 4.
  • Anon., 'Dudley Gallery.-Winter Exhibition', The Era, London, 27 October 1872, p. 12.
  • Anon., 'The Dudley Gallery', The Times, London, 11 November 1872.
  • Anon., 'The Society of French Artists', Pall Mall Gazette, 28 November 1872, p. 11.
  • Anon., 'A Whistler Show', The Star, London, 21 April 1889.
  • Anon., [review of exhibition], The Echo, London, 20 May 1889.
  • Anon., 'Mr. Whistler's Paintings', London Evening Standard, London, 21 March 1892, p. 3.
  • Anon., Pall Mall Budget, London, 31 March 1892, engraving repr. p. 458.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Anon., [review of exhibition], Land and Water, London, 25 May 1889.
  • Anon., ‘Дж. УистлерЪ [Dzh. Uistler]’, Мир искусства [Mir Iskusstva, 'World of Art'], vol. 9, 1903, pp. 61-68, repr. p. 61.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907 (cat. no. 73).
  • Ono, Ayako, Japonisme in Britain: Whistler, Menpes, Henry, Hornel and nineteenth-century Japan, London, 2003.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, p. 135.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Whistler Journal, Philadelphia, 1921, pp. 43, 279.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 114, 186, 194, 659, 689.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908 (cat. no. 70).
  • Spencer, Robin, Whistler, New York, 1990, pp. 66-67.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E., Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake, New Haven and London, 2014, pp. 95-98.
  • Sutton, Denys, Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler, London, 1963, p. 53.
  • Sutton, Denys, James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels and Watercolours, London, 1966, p. 188, no. 36.
  • Way, Thomas Robert, and G. R. Dennis, The Art of James McNeill Whistler: An Appreciation, 1st edition, London, 1903, pp. 62-63.

Books, General

  • Fattal, ‎Laura Rachel Felleman and Carol Salus (eds), Out of Context: American Artists Abroad, in series Contributions to the study of art and architecture, Westport, CT, 2004, pp. 14
  • Gaunt, William, Marine Painting: An historical survey, London, 1975, repr. p. 171.
  • Isham, Howard F., Image of the Sea: Oceanic Consciousness in the Romantic Century, New York et al., 2004, p. 219.
  • Muther, Richard Geschichte der Malerei im XIX Jahrhundert, 3 vols, Munich, 1893-1894 ('Whistler und die Schotten', vol. 3, chap. 48, pp. 522-37), repr. p. 537.
  • Ono, Ayako, Japonisme in Britain: Whistler, Menpes, Henry, Hornel and nineteenth-century Japan, London, 2003, pp. 73, 77.

Catalogues 1906-Present


  • The Frick Collection, An Illustrated Catalogue, I-II, Paintings in The Frick Collection: American, British, Dutch, Flemish and German, Vol. 1, New York: The Frick Collection, 1968, pp. 6-9.
  • Art in The Frick Collection: Paintings, Sculpture, Decorative Arts, New York, 1996.


  • The Works of J.A. McNeill Whistler from the Collection of Mr. Richard Canfield of Providence, Rhode Island, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Buffalo, 1909 (cat. no. 1).
  • Paintings in oil and pastel by James McNeill Whistler, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1910 (cat. no. 8).
  • Oils, Water Colors, Pastels and Drawings by James McNeill Whistler lent by Mr. Richard Canfield, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Buffalo, 1911 (cat. no. 3).
  • Oils, Water Colors, Pastels and Drawings by J. McN. Whistler, Knoedler & Co., New York, 1914 (cat. no. 1) repr.

Journals 1906-Present

  • Stoner, Joyce Hill, 'Whistler's views on the restoration and display of his paintings', Studies in Conservation, vol. 42, 1997, pp. 107-14, at p. 111.


  • Portraits, Pastels, Prints: Whistler in The Frick Collection, website of exhibit, 2009, website at
  • The Frick Collection, 2018, website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 41) Symphony in grey and green: The ocean / Harmony in green and gold: The Pacific'.


  • Sheers, Joanna, 'Whistler's "Symphony in Grey and Green, The Ocean" ', utube website at
  • Teniswood-Harvey, Arabella Melvina Cameron, Colour-Music. Musical Modelling in James McNeill Whistler's Art, PhD thesis, University of Tasmania, December 2006.
  • Parkerson, Sarah Lawrence, Variations in Gold: The Stylistic Development of the Picture Frames used by James McNeill Whistlers, PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2007.
  • Kapczynski, Isabella Leokadia, Artist Frames: A Lost Hist ames: A Lost History Tracking the Inno acking the Innovations of ations of Discarded Visions, MA Theses 20, Sotheby's Institute of Art, 2019, pp. 24-26, repr. fig. 10.

Last updated: 13th January 2021 by Margaret