Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Nocturne: Blue and Silver – Bognor

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 100), plate 56, as 'Nocturne: Blue and Silver – Bognor'.

Authored by Whistler

  • None.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • Possibly [Whistler, James McNeill], Mr. Whistler’s Exhibition. 48 Pall Mall, London, 1874 (cat. no. 9) as 'Blue Waves'.
  • 12th Exhibition, Society of French Artists, Deschamps Gallery, London, 1876 (cat. no. 149) as 'Nocturne in Blue and Gold'.
  • Blackburn, Henry, Grosvenor Notes, London, 1883, p. 28.
  • VII Summer Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, London, 1883 (cat. no. 111) as 'Nocturne in Blue and Silver'.
  • Exposition: Brown, Boudin, Caillebotte, Lépine, Morisot, Pissarro, Renoir, Sisley, Whistler, Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1888 (cat. no. 39 or 42) as 'Nocturne en bleu et argent' (see Nocturne en bleu et argent [YMSM 149]).
  • [Whistler, James McNeill, and Goupil Gallery (eds)], Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces: Small Collection Kindly Lent by Their Owners, London, 1892 (cat. no. 24) ) as 'Nocturne, Blue and Silver – Bognor'.
  • Exposition nationale des Beaux-Arts: Catalogue Illustré des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture et gravure exposés au Champ-de-Mars, Paris, 1892 (cat. no. 1067) as 'Nocturne bleu et argent; – Bognor'.
  • Possibly Illustrierter Katalog der VI. Internationalen Kunst-Ausstellung 1892 im Kgl. Glaspalaste, Munich, 1892 (cat. no. 1950b) as 'Symphonie in Silber'.
  • Coffin, William A., and Chalres C. Curran (eds.), Catalogue of the Exhibition of Fine Arts. Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo, 1901 (cat. no. 96) as 'Bognor – Nocturne'.
  • [Exhibition], Montross Gallery, New York, 1901 (catalogue untraced).
  • Comparative Exhibition of Native and Foreign Art, under the auspices of the Society of Art Collectors, New York, 1904 (cat. no. 176) as 'Nocturne – Blue and Silver – Bognor'.
  • Copley Society (ed.), Oil Paintings, Water Colors, Pastels & Drawings: Memorial Exhibition of the Works of Mr. J. McNeill Whistler, Boston, 1904 (cat. no. 65) as ' "Nocturne – Blue and Silver – Bognor" '.
  • Exposition des œuvres de James McNeill Whistler, Palais de l’École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1905 (cat. no. 68).

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'The Brighton Exhibition of Paintings', London Evening Standard, London, 11 September 1875, p. 3.
  • Anon., 'The Society of French Artists', Pall Mall Gazette, 25 April 1876, p. 10.
  • Anon., 'Our London Correspondent', The Ipswich Journal, Ipswich, 1 May 1883, p .2.
  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery', Pall Mall Gazette, 2 May 1883, p. 4.
  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery', Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Sheffield, 10 May 1883, p. 4.
  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery', Dundee Advertiser, Dundee, 25 May 1883, p. 9.
  • Anon., ['By a Lady'], 'Mr. Whistler's Revenge', Northampton Mercury, Northampton, 1 April 1892, p. 2 (syndicated).
  • Anon., 'The April Reviews and Magazines, York Herald, York, 6 April 1892, p. 6.
  • Anon., 'Whistler and Wilde', Toronto Daily Mail, Toronto, 7 May 1892, p. 6.

Journals 1855-1905

  • [Rossetti, William Michael], 'Notes and News', The Academy, 19 February 1876, pp. 180-82, at p. 180.
  • [Rossetti, William Michael], 'Forthcoming English Pictures', The Art Monthly Review and Photographic Portfolio, 29 February 1876, no. 2, p. 15.
  • Anon., 'The Society of French Artists', The Builder, 6 May 1876, p. 429.
  • Anon., ‘The Grosvenor Gallery Exhibition (Second and Concluding Notice)’, The Athenaeum, 12 May 1883, pp. 608-10, at p. 610.
  • Duret, Théodore, 'Les Expositions de Londres: Dante Gabriel Rossetti', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 28, July 1883, pp. 49-58.
  • Sickert, Walter Richard, 'Whistler To-day', The Fortnightly Review, vol. 57, new series, vol. 51, April 1892, pp. 543-47, at p. 547.
  • Fenellosa, Ernest F., 'The Place in History of Mr Whistler's Art', Lotus, vol. 1, no. 1, Special Holiday Number in Memoriam: James A. McNeill Whistler, December 1903, pp. 14-17, at p. 14, repr.
  • Matsuki, Bunkio (ed.), 'Whistler Memorial Exhibition', Lotus, vol. 1, no. 1, (Special Holiday Number in Memoriam: James A. McNeill Whistler), December 1903, pp. 7-9, at pp. 8-9.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907, p. 166 (cat. no. 65).
  • Duret, Théodore, Histoire de J. McN. Whistler et de son oeuvre, Paris, 1904, p. 122.
  • Gallatin, Albert Eugene, Whistler's Art Dicta and Other Essays, Boston, 1904, p. 43.
  • Gallatin, Albert Eugene, Whistler, Notes and Footnotes, and other Memoranda, New York and London, 1907, p. 34.
  • Hartmann, Sadakichi C. (pseudonym of Sidney Allen), The Whistler Book: A Monograph of the Life and Position in Art of James McNeill Whistler, Together with a Careful Study of His More Important Works, Boston, 1910, p. 265.
  • Merrill, Linda, With Kindest Regards. The Correspondence of Charles Lang Freer and James McNeill Whistler, 1890-1903, Washington, DC, and London, 1995, p. 51.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 227-28, 450, 518, 636, 644-45 note 413, 683, 689.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908, p. 159 (cat. no. 63).

Books, General

  • Caffin, Charles Henry, American Masters of Painting; Being Brief Appreciations of Some American Painters, New York, 1902, repr. f.p. 46.
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner (ed.), Walter Sickert: the Complete Writings on Art, Oxford, 2000, p. 94.
  • Williamson, George Charles, Murray Marks and his Friends, London and New York, 1919, pp. 48-49.

Catalogues 1906-Present


  • Stubbs, Burns A., Paintings, Pastels, Drawings, Prints and Copper Plates by and attributed to American and European Artists, together with a List of Original Whistleriana in the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1948, p. 15 (06.103).
  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art, New York and London, 1984, pp. 123, 293, pl. 26.


  • 75th Annual Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1906 (cat. no. 445) as Nocturne: Blue and Silver, Bognor'.
  • Paintings in oil and pastel by James McNeill Whistler, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1910 (cat. no. 9).
  • Selection of Art Objects from The Freer Collection, National Museum, Washington, DC, 1912 (cat. no. 22).
  • Exhibition, University of Michigan Club, at C. L. Freer's house, Detroit, 1914 (cat. no. 6).
  • Simpson, Marc, 'Whistler, Modernism, and the Creative Afflatus', in Simpson, Marc, Like Breath on Glass: Whistler, Inness, and the Art of Painting Softly, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA, 2008, pp. 24-51, at p. 32 (not exhibited).
  • Merrill, Linda, et al., After Whistler: The Artist and His Influence on American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 2003, pp. 31, 230, repr. fig. 114 (not exhibited).

Journals 1906-Present

  • Spencer, Robin, 'Whistler's Early Relations with Britain and the Significance of Industry and Commerce for his Art', The Burlington Magazine, vol. 136, 1994, pp. 212-24 (Part I); 664-74 (Part II), at p. 671.


  • Freer Gallery of Art website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 391).


  • None.

Last updated: 8th June 2021 by Margaret