Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Harmony in Grey and Green: Miss Cicely Alexander

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 129), plate 113, as 'Harmony in Grey and Green: Miss Cicely Alexander'.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., James McNeill Whistler. Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours. A Catalogue Raisonné, New Haven and London, 1995 (cat. nos. 503, 505, 843-45).

Authored by Whistler

  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 23).
  • Goupil Gallery and James McNeill Whistler, Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces [portfolio of photographs published after the Goupil Gallery Exhibition, March-April 1892], London, 1892, repr. pl. 5.
  • Whistler, James McNeill, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, London, 1890, pp. 47-48, under the heading ' "Confidences" with an Editor.'

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • Mr Whistler's Exhibition, Flemish Gallery, 48 Pall Mall, London, 1874 (cat. no. 5) as 'Portrait, "Harmony in Grey and Green" '.
  • V Summer Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, London, 1881 (cat. no. 113) as 'Miss Alexander'.
  • Exposition internationale de peinture et de sculpture, Société des XX, Brussels, 1884 (cat. no. 4) as 'Arrangement en gris et vert. Portrait de Mademoiselle Alexander'.
  • Ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, architecture, gravure et lithographie des artistes vivants, 102nd exhibition, Salon de la Société des artistes français, Palais des Champs Elysées, Paris, 1884 (cat. no. 2454) as 'Portrait de Miss Alexander'.
  • III. Internationale Kunst-Ausstellung, Königlicher Glaspalast, Munich, 1888 (cat. no. 2454) as 'Arrangement in Grau und Grün: Miss Alexander'.
  • 1st exhibition, Society of Portrait Painters, London, 1891 (cat. no. 223) as 'Harmony in Grey and Green (Portrait of Miss Alexander)'.
  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 23) as ' "Harmony in Grey and Green". Portrait of Miss Alexander'.
  • Loan Collection of Pictures, Guildhall Corporation of London Art Gallery, London, 1894 (cat. no. 136) as 'Miss Alexander'.
  • Fair Children, Grafton Galleries, London, 1895 (cat. no. 207) as 'Miss Alexander'.
  • [Exhibition], Campden House, London, 1896 (cat. no. 28) (catalogue untraced).
  • Possibly Vereinigung Bildender Künstler Österreichs, Vienna, 1898 (not in catalogue).
  • A Loan Collection of Modern Paintings, Leinster Hall, Dublin, 1899 (cat. no. 79) as 'Green and Grey. Portrait of Miss Alexander'.
  • 1899: Possibly III Esposizione Internazionale d'Arte della Città di Venezia, Venice, 1899 (ex catalogue).
  • Œuvres de James McNeill Whistler, Palais de l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1905 (cat. no. 18) as 'Portrait de Miss C. H. Alexander'.
  • Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the late James McNeill Whistler, First President of The International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, New Gallery, Regent Street, London, 1905 (cat. no. 32) as 'Portrait of Cicely, Henrietta, Miss Alexander' [sic] and, in deluxe edition, 'Harmony in Grey and Green, Portrait of Cicely Henrietta, Miss Alexander'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'Mr. Whistler's Pictures', York Herald, York, 9 June 1874, p. 6.
  • Anon., 'Mr Whistler's Pictures', The Hour, London, 11 June 1874, p. 7; reprinted in Whistler, James McNeill, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, London, 1890, pp. 47-48, under the heading ' "Confidences" with an Editor.'
  • Anon., 'Exhibition of Mr. Whistler's Paintings and Drawings',Pall Mall Gazette, London, 13 June 1874, p. 11.
  • Anon., 'Exhibition of Mr. Whistler's Paintings and Drawings', Globe, London, 20 June 1874, p. 2.
  • Anon., The Daily Telegraph, 25 June 1874, p. 5.
  • Indépendence Belge, Brussels, 17 June 1884.
  • Child, Theodore, 'Mr. Whistler's Ten o'Clock,' New York Sun, New York, 1886.
  • Child, Theodore, letter to the editor, The World, London, 19 January 1887.
  • Anon., 'The Whistler Show', Pall Mall Gazette, London, 19 March 1892, p. 2.
  • Anon., 'Mr Whistler's Works', The Graphic, London, 26 March 1892, p. 26.
  • Anon., 'Mr Whistler's Pictures', The Queen, London, 26 March 1892, p. 38.
  • Anon., The Scotsman, Edinburgh, 6 June 1893, p. 5.
  • Anon., 'The Guildhall Pictures', The Times, London, 2 April 1894, p. 11.
  • Anon., 'The Grafton Galleries', Morning Post, London, 2 May 1895, p. 5.
  • Anon., 'The Grafton Gallery', Pall Mall Gazette, London, 9 May 1895, p. 3.
  • Anon., 'The Art of the Day', The Sketch, London, 5 June 1895, p. 25.
  • Anon., 'Dublin Art Loan Exhibition. An Appeal from the Mayor of Venice', Dublin Daily Nation, Dublin, 31 March 1899, p. 5.
  • Anon., Dublin Daily Express, Dublin, 31 March 1899, p. 4.
  • Anon., 'Art Exhibition in Dublin', The Queen, London, 31 March 1899, p. 42.
  • Anon., Dublin Daily Express, Dublin, 22 April 1899, p. 3.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery Exhibition', The Athenaeum, 7 May 1881, pp. 629-30.
  • Blackburn, Henry, Grosvenor Notes, London, 1881, p. 39.
  • Society, 7 June 1881, drawing repr.
  • Anon., 'The G. G. G., or Grosvenor Gallery Guide,' Punch, 25 June 1881, vol. 80, p. 300, with cartoon by 'H. F.' [Harry Furniss] entitled 'Whistler's "Early Mourning" Advertisement Picture; or, "A Thing of Beauty is a Jay for ever!" ', repr. p. 300.
  • Brownell, W. C., 'The American Salon,' The Magazine of Art, vol. 7, 1884, pp. 492-99, at p. 492.
  • Geffroy, Gustave, 'The Salon of 1891', La Justice, Paris, 1 July 1891 (translation, Spencer, Robin (ed.), Whistler: A Retrospective, New York, 1989, pp. 271-72).
  • Гюисман, И . [Huysmans, I.], 'Уистлер' [Uistler], Мир искусства [Mir Iskusstva, 'World of Art'], vol. 2, nos. 16-17, 1899, pp. 61-68, repr. p. 63.
  • Fry, Roger, 'Mr Whistler', The Athenaeum, no. 3952, 25 July 1903, pp. 113-14.
  • Bénédite, Léonce, 'Artistes Contemporains: Whistler', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 33, 1905, pp. 403-10, 496-511; vol. 34, 1905, pp. 142-58, 231-46, in vol. 34 at pp. 242-43.
  • Crucy, François, 'J. M.-N. Whistler', L' Art et les Artistes, Paris, 1905, pp. 40-45, at pp. 44-45.

Monographs

  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907, pp. 187-88 (cat. no. 189).
  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler: Uneasy Pieces, New York, 2004, pp. 64, 66, 408 n. 83.
  • Duret, Théodore, Histoire de J. McN. Whistler et de son oeuvre, Paris, 1904, pp. 33-34, 46, 152, 205, drawings repr. pp. 36, 130.
  • Laver, James, Whistler, London, 1930, pp. 141-43.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Susan Galassi, Aileen Ribeiro, and Patricia de Montfort, Whistler, Women and Fashion, New Haven and London, 2003, pp. 45, 54, 71-75, 88, repr. fig. 73.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., (ed.) Whistler's Mother: An American Icon, Aldershot and Burlington, 2003, p. 160.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., 'James McNeill Whistler', in: Andreeva, Galina and Margaret F. MacDonald (eds), Whistler and Russia, Tretyakow Gallery, Moscow, 2006, pp. 16-57, at pp. 16-17, repr.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, pp. 171-75; vol. 2, pp. 116, 276.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Whistler Journal, Philadelphia, 1921, p. 301.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 128, 149, 214, 429, 442, 443, 462, 555, 706, 707.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908, p. 107 (cat. no. 39).
  • Spencer, Robin (ed.), Whistler: A Retrospective, New York, 1989, pp. 103-04, 267, 272, 281-82, 291, 347.
  • Spencer, Robin, Whistler, New York, 1990, pp. 76-77.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E., Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake, New Haven and London, 2014, pp. 124, 132, 198, 256, 282.
  • Sutton, Denys, Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler, London, 1963, p. 73.
  • Taylor, Hilary, James McNeill Whistler, London, 1978, p. 190.

Books, General

  • Denney, Colleen, At the Temple of Art: The Grosvenor Gallery, 1877-1890, Madison, NJ, 1999, p. 124.
  • Draguet, Michel, Fernand Khnopff: Portrait of Jeanne Kéfer, Los Angeles, 2004, p. 30, fig. 24.
  • Hackney, Stephen (ed.), Completing the Picture: Materials and Techniques of Twenty-six Paintings in the Tate Gallery, Tate, London, 1982, pp. 61-64.
  • Hackney, Stephen, 'Art for Art's Sake: The Materials and Techniques of James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903)' in Arie Wallert, Erma Hermens, ‎Marja Peek (eds), Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice, preprints, Leiden, 1995, p. 186.
  • Huntington, David C., The Quest for unity: American art between world's fairs, Detroit, 1983, p. 143.
  • Hobs, Susuan, and Barbara Dayer Gallati, The Art of Thomas Wilmer Dewing: Beauty Reconfigured, Washington, 1996, p. 124.
  • Huysmans, Joris Karl, Certains: G. Moreau - Degas - Cheret - Wisthler [sic] - Rops - Le Monstre - Le Fer, etc., Paris, 1889, pp. 68-69.
  • McConkey, Kenneth, Sir John Lavery, Edinburgh, 1993, pp. 79-80.
  • Muther, Richard Geschichte der Malerei im XIX Jahrhundert, 3 vols, Munich, 1893-1894 ('Whistler und die Schotten', vol. 3, chap. 48, pp. 522-37), at p. 530.
  • Moore, George, Modern Painting, London, 1893, pp. 11-15.
  • Meier-Graefe, Julius, Modern Art, 2 vols., London and New York, 1908, pp. 220-21.
  • Ono, Ayako, Japonisme in Britain: Whistler, Menpes, Henry, Hornel and nineteenth-century Japan, London, 2003, p. 250.
  • Painter, George D. (ed.), Marcel Proust – Letters to his mother, London, 1956.
  • Pisano, Ronald G., ‎Carolyn K. Lane, ‎D. Frederick Baker, William Merritt Chase: Portraits in oil, New Haven and London, 2007, vol. 2, p. 61.
  • Stebbins, ‎Theodore E., Melissa Renn, and Ross Barrett, American Paintings at Harvard: Paintings, watercolors, pastels, and stained glass by artists born between 1826 and 1856, Cambridge, MA, 2008, p. 407.
  • Tweedie, [Ethel Brilliana], Thirteen Years of a Busy Woman’s Life, London, 1912, p. 170.

Catalogues 1906-Present

COLLECTION:

  • Davies, Martin, National Gallery Catalogues: British School, 2nd edition, London, 1959, pp. 104-05 (cat. no. 4622).

EXHIBITION:

  • Young, A. McLaren, James McNeill Whistler, Arts Council Gallery, London, and Knoedler Galleries, New York, 1960 (cat. nos. 31, 113).
  • Sweet, Frederick A., James McNeill Whistler, Art Institute of Chicago and Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, 1968 (cat. no. 21).
  • Dorment, Richard, and Margaret F. MacDonald, James McNeill Whistler, Tate Gallery, London, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, and National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1994-1995 (cat. no. 62).
  • Merrill, Linda, et al., After Whistler: The Artist and His Influence on American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 2003, pp. 19-20, repr. fig. 11 (not in exhibition).
  • Tinterow, Gary, and Geneviève Lacambre, Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting, New Haven and London, 2003, pp. 538-39 (cat. no. 222).
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner, and Richard Thomson, Degas, Sickert, and Toulouse-Lautrec: London and Paris, Tate, London, 2005, p. 227.
  • Andreeva, Galina, and Margaret F. MacDonald, Whistler and Russia, State Tretyakow Gallery, Moscow, 2006, pp. 16-17, 182 (cat. no. 10), repr. p. 17.
  • Stoner, Joyce Hill, 'Materials for Immateriality', in Simpson, Marc, Like Breath on Glass: Whistler, Inness, and the Art of Painting Softly, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA, 2008, pp. 91-109, at p. 95 (not exhibited).
  • Calloway, Stephen, and Lynn Federle Orr (eds), The Cult of Beauty: The Aesthetic Movement 1860-1900, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2011 (book published New York, 2012).

Journals 1906-Present

  • Starr, Sidney, 'Personal Recollections of Whistler', Atlantic Monthly, vol. 101, April 1908, pp. 528-37, at pp. 532-33.
  • Pennell, J., 'The Forty Undiscovered Whistlers', International Studio, vol. 72, February 1921, pp. cv-cxiii, at p. cxii.
  • Abbott, K. (ed.) and Whistler, Anna McNeill, 'The Lady of the Portrait, Letters of Whistler’s Mother', Atlantic Monthly, vol. 136, 1925, pp. 310-28, at p. 327.
  • Colby, Reginald, 'Whistler and “Miss Cissie” ', Quarterly Review, vol. 298, July 1960, pp. 309-20, at pp. 310-20.
  • Colby, Reginald, 'Whistler’s Controversial Masterpiece', Country Life, vol. 132, 2 August 1960, pp. 260-61.
  • Nakanishi, Branka, 'A Symphony Reexamined: An Unpublished Study for Whistler's Portrait of Mrs Frances Leyland', Museum Studies, Art Institute of Chicago, vol. 18, no. 2, 1992, pp. 156-67, 189-91, at p. 190.
  • Townsend, J. H., 'Whistler's oil painting materials', The Burlington Magazine, 1994, vol. 136, pp. 690-95.
  • McConkey, Kenneth, 'No tampering, no faking, no artifice. Her First Communion by John Lavery', The British Art Journal, vol. 21, no. 1, Spring 2020, pp. 54-59.

Websites

  • Fowle, Frances, Tate, London, 2000, website at http://www.tate.org.uk.
  • 'Harmony in Grey and Green: Portrait of Miss Cicely Alexander', The Victorian Web, 2018, website at http://www.victorianweb.org.

Unpublished

  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 111).

Other

  • Marchant, Wm. and Co., A Reply to an Attack Made by One of Whistler's Biographers on a Pupil of Whistler, Mr Walter Greaves and his Work, London, 1911, p. 10.
  • Parkerson, Sarah Lawrence, Variations in Gold: The Stylistic Development of the Picture Frames used by James McNeill Whistlers, PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2007.

Last updated: 5th June 2021 by Margaret