Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Nocturne: Blue and Gold – St Mark's, Venice

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 213), plate 135, as 'Nocturne: Blue and Gold – St Mark's, Venice'.

Authored by Whistler

  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 38).
  • Goupil Gallery and James McNeill Whistler, Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces [portfolio of photographs published after the Goupil Gallery Exhibition, March-April 1892], London, 1892, repr. pl. 2.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • Winter Exhibition, Society of British Artists, London, 1886 (cat. no. 331) as 'Nocturne in Brown and Gold: St. Mark's, Venice.'
  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 London, Goupil, 1892 (cat. no. 38) as 'Nocturne Blue and Gold – St. Mark's, Venice.'
  • Exposition Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Champ-de-Mars, Paris, 1892 (cat. no. 1071) as 'Nocturne bleu et or; – Saint-Marc, Venise'.
  • Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the late James McNeill Whistler, First President of The International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, New Gallery, Regent Street, London, 1905 (cat. no. 2) as 'Nocturne, St. Mark's', and, in deluxe edition, 'Nocturne, Blue and Gold, St. Mark's'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'Society of British Artists', The Era, London, 11 December 1886, p. 13.
  • Anon., Hampshire Independent, Hampshire, 11 December 1886, p. 6.
  • Anon., 'Art and Artists', Globe, London, 2 March 1892, p. 6.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Thomson, David Croal, 'James Abbott McNeill Whistler: Some Personal Recollections', The Art Journal, vol. 65, September 1903, pp. 265-68, repr. p. 268.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Bacher, Otto Henry, With Whistler in Venice, 1st edition, New York, 1908 (suppressed for publishing facsimiles of Whistler's letters), p. 55.
  • Grieve, Alastair, Whistler's Venice, New Haven and London, 2000, pp. 119, 171-73, pl. 221.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Palaces in the Night: Whistler in Venice, Aldershot and California, 2001, pp. 32-33.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 2, pp. 28, 63.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 391, 500, 501, 677, 684, 689.
  • Rutter, Frank Francis Vane Phipson, James McNeill Whistler: an Estimate and a Biography, London, 1911, repr. f.p. 74.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908 (no. 90).

Books, General

  • Mathews, Nancy Mowll, and Maurice Brazil Prendergast, Elizabeth Kennedy, Prendergast in Italy, Williams College. Museum of Art, Terra Foundation for American Art, 2009, p. 32.
  • Ormond, Richard, and Warren Adelson, Sargent's Venice, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2006, p. 167.
  • Robertson, W. Graham, Time Was: the Reminiscences of W. Graham Robertson, London and New York, 1931, p. 200.
  • Upstone, Robert, and Oliver Craske, Sickert in Venice, London, 2009, p. 19.

Catalogues 1906-Present

  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Whistler. The Graphic Work: Amsterdam, Liverpool, London, Venice, Agnew and Sons, London; Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool; City Art Gallery, Glasgow, 1976 (cat. no. 92).
  • Lovell, Margaretta M., Venice: the American view, 1860-1920, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Cleveland Museum of Art, 1984, p. 138 (cat. no. 89).
  • Evans, Mark, Impressions of Venice from Turner to Monet, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, 1992 (cat. no. 4).
  • Dorment, Richard, and Margaret F. MacDonald, James McNeill Whistler, Tate Gallery, London, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, and National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1994-1995 (cat. no. 59).
  • Merrill, Linda, et al., After Whistler: The Artist and His Influence on American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 2003, p. 45, note 10 (not exhibited).
  • Myers, Kenneth John, Mr. Whistler’s Gallery: Pictures at an 1884 Exhibition, Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 2003, p. 88 (not exhibited).
  • Lochnan, Katharine, Turner, Whistler, Monet, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto; Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; Tate Britain, London, 2004-2005.

Journals 1906-Present

  • None.


  • 'Art Collections Online', National Museum of Wales website at
  • ArtUK website at
  • Upstone, Robert, 'Walter Richard SickertSt Mark's, Venice (Pax Tibi Marce Evangelista Meus) 1896', The Camden Town Group in Context, 2009, Tate website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 93).


  • Siewert, John, 'Whistler’s Nocturnes and the Aesthetic Subject', PhD thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1994.

Last updated: 16th December 2020 by Margaret