Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Purple and Gold: Phryne the Superb! - Builder of Temples

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 490), plate 316.

Authored by Whistler

  • None.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • 3rd Exhibition, Pictures, Drawings, Prints and Sculptures, International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, Galleries of the Royal Institute, London, 1901 (cat. no. 37) as 'Purple and Gold – Phryne the Superb! – Builder of Temples'.
  • Douzième Exposition, Ouvrages de Peintures, Sculpture, Dessin, Gravure, Architecture et Objets d'Art, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Grand Palais, Paris, 1902 (cat. no. 1194).
  • V Esposizione Internazionale d'Arte della Città di Venezia, Venice, 1903 (cat. no. 39).
  • 78th Exhibition of the Royal Scottish Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, 1904 (cat. no. 328).
  • The Inaugural Loan Collection of Paintings, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Buffalo, 1905 (cat. no. 165).

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'The International Society', Globe, London, 10 October 1901, p. 6. '
  • Anon., 'Royal Institute Galleries', London Daily News, London, 12 October 1901, p. 6.
  • Anon., 'The International Society', London Evening Standard, London, 10 October 1901, p. 2.
  • Anon., Truth, London, 10 October 1901, p. 43.
  • Anon., 'Pictures of the New Salon', Cheltenham Looker-On, Cheltenham, 26 April 1902, pp. 11-12.
  • Anon., 'Our Paris Letter. Paintings and Sculpture', Western Mail, Glamorgan, 17 May 1902, p. 8.

Journals 1855-1905

  • 'To the Editor of the Morning Post', Morning Post, London, 7 October 1901, p. 6.
  • Anon, Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Leeds, 7 October 1901, p. 4.
  • 'Fine Arts. The International Society's Exhibition', The Athenaeum, London, 2 November 1901, pp. 601-02 at p. 601.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907 (cat. no. 491), p. 228.
  • Merrill, Linda, With Kindest Regards. The Correspondence of Charles Lang Freer and James McNeill Whistler, 1890-1903, Washington, DC, and London, 1995, p. 215.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 2, pp. 205-06.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Whistler Journal, Philadelphia, 1921, pp. 217, 243, repr. f.p. 218.
  • Sutton, Denys, Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler, London, 1963, p. 133.
  • Sutton, Denys, James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels and Watercolours, London, 1966, repr. pl. 115.
  • Walker, John, James McNeill Whistler, New York, 1987, p. 138.

Books, General

  • Hook, Bailly Van, Angels of Art: Women and Art in American Society, 1876-1914, 1997, Penn State University Press.
  • Lawton, Thomas, Freer: a Legacy of Art, Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, 1993, p. 50, fig. 35.

Catalogues 1906-Present


  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art, New York and London, 1984, pp. 153, 296, pl. 62.
  • Stubbs, Burns A., Paintings, Pastels, Drawings, Prints and Copper Plates by and attributed to American and European Artists, together with a List of Original Whistleriana in the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1948, p. 14 (02.115).


  • Selection of Art Objects from The Freer Collection, National Museum, Washington, DC, 1912 (cat. no. 9).

Journals 1906-Present

  • Hobbs, Susan, 'A Connoisseur's Vision: The American Collection of Charles Lang Freer', American Art Review, vol. 4, August 1977, pp. 76-101, at p. 96.
  • Ionides, Luke, 'Memories: Whistler in the Quartier Latin', Transatlantic Review, vol. 1, January 1924, pp. 37-52, at p. 51.
  • James McNeill Whistler in Context: Essays from the Whistler Centenary Symposium, University of Glasgow, 2003, vol. 2, Washington, 2008, p. 22, fig. 2.2.


  • Freer Gallery of Art website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 268).


  • Parkerson, Sarah Lawrence, Variations in Gold: The Stylistic Development of the Picture Frames used by James McNeill Whistlers, PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2007.

Last updated: 17th December 2020 by Margaret