Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Nocturne: Grey and Gold – Chelsea Snow

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980, cat. no. 174, plate 94.

Authored by Whistler

  • Whistler, James McNeill, 'The Red Rag', in 'Celebrities at Home. No. XCII. Mr Whistler at Cheyne-Walk', The World: A Journal For Men and Women, 22 May 1878, pp. 4-5. Reprinted in Whistler, James McNeill, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, London, 1890, p. 126.
  • Whistler, James McNeill, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, New York, NY, 1904, pp. 126, 307-08.
  • Goupil Gallery and James McNeill Whistler, Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces [portfolio of photographs published after the Goupil Gallery Exhibition, March-April 1892], London, 1892, repr. pl. 16.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • II Summer Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, London, 1878 (cat. no. 57) as 'Nocturne in Grey and Gold'.
  • Blackburn, Henry, Grosvenor Notes, London, 1878, p. 20.
  • III. Internationale Kunst-Ausstellung, Königlicher Glaspalast, Munich, 1888 (cat. no. 57) as 'Nachtstück in Grau und Gold'.
  • Exposition Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Champ-de-Mars, Paris, 1892 (cat. no. 1068) as 'Nocturne gris et or: – la neige à Chelsea'.
  • Nocturnes, Marines & Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 1892 (cat. no. 16) as 'Nocturne, Grey and Gold – Chelsea Snow'.
  • The Exhibition of the Royal Scottish Academy of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture, MCMI. The Seventy-fifth, Edinburgh, 1901 (cat. no. 347) as 'Chelsea, Nocturne, Gold and Grey'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery', Glasgow Herald, Glasgow, 2 May 1878, p. 5.
  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery,' Evening Mail, London, 3 May 1878, p. 1.
  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery,' The Scotsman, Edinburgh, 3 May 1878, p. 3.
  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery. (Second Notice)', The Examiner, London, 11 May 1878, p. 25.
  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery,' Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Leeds, 14 May 1878, p. 6.
  • Anon., 'The Grosvenor Gallery', Leeds Mercury, Leeds, 23 May 1878, p. 8.
  • Anon., 'Here and there', Dundee Evening Telegraph, Dundee, 19 March 1892, p. 2.
  • Anon., 'The Royal Scottish Academy Exhibition, Banffshire Journal and General Advertiser, Banff, 19 February 1901.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Anon. [Rossetti, William Michael?], 'Notes and News', The Academy, 19 February 1876, p. 180.
  • 'Forthcoming English Pictures', The Art Monthly Review and Photographic Portfolio, 29 February 1876, no. 2, p. 15.
  • Sickert, Walter R., 'Pictures of Actors', The Speaker, 29 May 1897.
  • Bénédite, Léonce, 'Artistes Contemporains: Whistler', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 33, 1905, pp. 403-10, 496-511; vol. 34, 1905, pp. 142-58, 231-46, at vol. 34, p. 239, repr.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Cabanne, Pierre, Whistler, Bergamo, 1985, p. 257, repr.
  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler: Uneasy Pieces, New York, 2004, pp. 294-295.
  • Duret, Théodore, Histoire de J. McN. Whistler et de son oeuvre, Paris, 1904, repr. f.p. 82 (heliogravure).
  • Holden, Donald, Whistler Landscapes and Seascapes, New York, 1969, p. 46, repr. p. 47.
  • Laver, James, Whistler, London, 1930, p. 182.
  • Enaud-Lechien, Isabelle, James Whistler, le peintre et le polémiste (1834-1903), Courbevoie, 1995, pp. 84-86, repr. p. 85.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., James McNeill Whistler: A Reexamination, ed. Ruth E. Fine, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1987, p. 22.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, p. 166-67.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, p. 559.
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner, A Fragile Modernism. Whistler and his Impressionist Followers, London and New Haven, 2007, p. 142, repr.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908, pp. 142, 145, 159.
  • Spencer, Robin (ed.), Whistler: A Retrospective, New York, 1989, repr. pl. 49, p. 162.
  • Sutton, Denys, Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler, London, 1963, repr. pl. 26.
  • Sutton, Denys, James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels and Watercolours, London, 1966, p. 192, repr. pl. 80.
  • Way, Thomas Robert, and G. R. Dennis, The Art of James McNeill Whistler: An Appreciation, 1st edition, London, 1903, pp. 20, 60-61.
  • Weintraub, Stanley, Whistler: A Biography, London, 1974, pp. 140-41.

Books, General

  • Bryan, Michael, Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, London, 1909-1910, vol. 5, p. 363.
  • Cowan, John J., From 1846-1932, Edinburgh, 1933, p. 172.
  • Newall, Christopher, The Grosvenor Gallery Exhibitions: Change and Continuity in the Victorian Art World, Cambridge, 1995, p. 135.
  • Prettejohn, Elizabeth, Art for Art’s Sake: Aestheticism in Victorian Painting, New Haven and London, 2007, p. 189.
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner (ed.), Walter Sickert: the Complete Writings on Art, Oxford, 2000, pp. 172, 174.
  • Sharpe, William Chapman, New York Nocturne: The City After Dark in Literature, Painting, and Photography, 1850-1950, Princeton, NJ, 2008, pp. 95-96, fig. 2.7.

Catalogues 1906-Present


  • Katalog der Neuren Meister, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany, 1922 (cat. no. 2487), p. 243.
  • Kenyon Castle Bolton, III, Peter G. Huenink, Earl A. Powell III, Harry Z. Rand, and Nanette C. Sexton, American Art at Harvard, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, MA, 1972 (cat. no. 93) repr.
  • Mortimer, Kristin A., Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Cambridge, MA, and New York, NY, 1985, p. 185 (cat. no. 210) repr.
  • Burgard, Timothy Anglin, American Art at Harvard: Cultures and Contexts, brochure, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, MA, 1994, p. 10 (cat. no. 21).
  • Stebbins, Theodore E., Jr., Virginia Anderson, and Kimberly Orcutt, ed., American Paintings at Harvard, Volume Two, Paintings, Drawings, Pastels and Stained Glass by Artists Born 1826-1856, Cambridge, MA, and New Haven, CT, 2008, p. 412-13 (cat. no. 441), repr. p. 413.


  • [Exhibition, London Academy of Art, London, 1930, as 'Grey and Gold – Chelsea Snow'.]
  • Young, A. McLaren, James McNeill Whistler, Arts Council Gallery, London, and Knoedler Galleries, New York, 1960 (cat. no. 119).
  • Art in New England, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1939, p. 91.
  • American Art at Harvard, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, MA, 1972.
  • American Art at Harvard: Cultures and Contexts, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, MA, 1994.
  • The Persistence of Memory: Continuity and Change in American Cultures, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, MA, 1995-2001.
  • Wolohojian, Stephan , Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Paris, France, 2003, pp. 487-88 (cat. no. 215), repr.
  • Merrill, Linda, et al., After Whistler: The Artist and His Influence on American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 2003, pp. 66-67, 214, repr. fig. 56 (not exhibited).
  • Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon; National Gallery, London; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2003-2004 (cat. no. 215), pp. 471-72, repr.
  • For Students of Art and Lovers of Beauty: Highlights from the Collection of Grenville L. Winthrop, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, MA, 2004.
  • Epstein, Stacey B., Alfred Maurer: At the Vanguard of Modernism, Addison Gallery of American Art, and Phillips Academy, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2015, pp. 49-54, repr. p. 54.

Journals 1906-Present

  • Advert., Art News, 14 April 1928.
  • Sutton, Denys, 'The Victorian Scene', Apollo, November 1978, vol. 107, pp. 290-91, repr. p. 291.


  • Harvard Art Museums website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. nos. 78, 361).


  • Siewert, John, 'Whistler’s Nocturnes and the Aesthetic Subject', PhD thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1994.

Last updated: 9th April 2021 by Margaret